What Is Irrigation?

What Is Irrigation?

Irrigation helps control the amount of water needed by plants, and it is supplied at different intervals. Irrigation is used to increase food production, help rejuvenate the soils in the drylands, and maintain an area landscape. In agriculture, irrigation helps control the weeds and protect crops from frost. Most agricultural production relies on direct rainfall, and in cases where the rain is not sufficient, the crops may dry up, leading to low yields.  Irrigation fed agriculture is assured of maturity since there is an increase in water reliability. The setup irrigation systems can cool livestock, suppress dust, dispose of sewage materials, and are used during mining. There are different types of irrigation used today, and they include golf irrigation solutions, canal, surface, and drip irrigation. Different equipment is laid down on the ground to help distribute water in the irrigation scheme’s different parts. Depending on the size of the irrigated areas, various costs are incurred. People living in the world’s drier areas should adopt irrigation to help reduce famine and hunger cases.

The Drip Irrigation System

The system supplies water to plants and crops as per their required consumption rate, and it is among the sufficient irrigation methods and is used mostly in arid areas. The major problem faced in the arid lands is the lack of sufficient water from different sources and rainfall; hence using the drip irrigation system helps to use the available water sparingly.  The irrigation system is made of different components, and they include; suction, regulation, control, and discharge, which is done through the lifting of the water pump. It is fitted with filters that help distribute water throughout the system instilling the required pressure. The high pressurized water helps reduce cases of clogging in the pipes. The system is cost-effective and saves a lot of water, and can be used in mountainous terrains. It helps decrease the growth of weed on the crops; it makes it easy to apply fertilizer on the crops and reduces disease incidences. Plant growth, yielding, and vigor are promised, and it helps in intercultural operations. This type of irrigation is very suitable for light soils, and it utilizes water that is of low quality.

Furrow And Basin Irrigation Method

Irrigation is done by making furrows that are between each other and only need a little technical knowledge to operate. It is cost-effective as it only requires fewer finances, and the water amounts in the furrows may be complicated. Crops that can easily thrive in the furrows include; sorghum, maize, and millet. For soil infiltration to take place at a higher rate, the lands should have low gradient slopes. Siphoning tubes are used to supply water from the source to the furrows easily. The Basin irrigation method is mostly used in orchards, and basins are created and connected to irrigation channels. Water then moves from one basin to another as they are connected. The major disadvantage is that pests and diseases can move from one basin to another if not controlled.

In conclusion, irrigation is needed to increase agricultural production to help sustain the population. Various types of irrigation can be used in any area. It helps reduce water wastage and increase the usefulness of the water at any particular time. Landscapes like the golf courses may need to be water to keep the vegetation alive. Irrigation is mostly cost-effective, and controlling pests and diseases is easy. Weed can be easily identified and controlled within a short period. Irrigation is mainly done in the dry areas of the world.

Irrigation helps control the amount of water needed by plants, and it is supplied at different intervals. Irrigation is used to increase food production, help rejuvenate the soils in the drylands, and maintain an area landscape. In agriculture, irrigation helps control the weeds and protect crops from frost. Most agricultural production relies on direct rainfall, and in cases where the rain is not sufficient, the crops may dry up, leading to low yields.  Irrigation fed agriculture is assured of maturity since there is an increase in water reliability. The setup irrigation systems can cool livestock, suppress dust, dispose of sewage materials, and are used during mining. There are different types of irrigation used today, and they include golf irrigation solutions, canal, surface, and drip irrigation. Different equipment is laid down on the ground to help distribute water in the irrigation scheme’s different parts. Depending on the size of the irrigated areas, various costs are incurred. People living in the world’s drier areas should adopt irrigation to help reduce famine and hunger cases.

The Drip Irrigation System

The system supplies water to plants and crops as per their required consumption rate, and it is among the sufficient irrigation methods and is used mostly in arid areas. The major problem faced in the arid lands is the lack of sufficient water from different sources and rainfall; hence using the drip irrigation system helps to use the available water sparingly.  The irrigation system is made of different components, and they include; suction, regulation, control, and discharge, which is done through the lifting of the water pump. It is fitted with filters that help distribute water throughout the system instilling the required pressure. The high pressurized water helps reduce cases of clogging in the pipes. The system is cost-effective and saves a lot of water, and can be used in mountainous terrains. It helps decrease the growth of weed on the crops; it makes it easy to apply fertilizer on the crops and reduces disease incidences. Plant growth, yielding, and vigor are promised, and it helps in intercultural operations. This type of irrigation is very suitable for light soils, and it utilizes water that is of low quality.

Furrow And Basin Irrigation Method

Irrigation is done by making furrows that are between each other and only need a little technical knowledge to operate. It is cost-effective as it only requires fewer finances, and the water amounts in the furrows may be complicated. Crops that can easily thrive in the furrows include; sorghum, maize, and millet. For soil infiltration to take place at a higher rate, the lands should have low gradient slopes. Siphoning tubes are used to supply water from the source to the furrows easily. The Basin irrigation method is mostly used in orchards, and basins are created and connected to irrigation channels. Water then moves from one basin to another as they are connected. The major disadvantage is that pests and diseases can move from one basin to another if not controlled.

In conclusion, irrigation is needed to increase agricultural production to help sustain the population. Various types of irrigation can be used in any area. It helps reduce water wastage and increase the usefulness of the water at any particular time. Landscapes like the golf courses may need to be water to keep the vegetation alive. Irrigation is mostly cost-effective, and controlling pests and diseases is easy. Weed can be easily identified and controlled within a short period. Irrigation is mainly done in the dry areas of the world.